Iraqis at legislative elections in Iraq, May 14, 2018) Baghdad
The Iraqis have created the surprise by placing Monday in the lead of the legislative, according to still partial results, two lists anti-system, far in front of the Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, nevertheless credited with a large international support and the recent victory face to the jihadists.
These first official results of the poll on Saturday do not include the votes of the security forces, Iraqis from abroad and the displaced, and their consideration is still likely to change the situation.
But, for the moment, to everyone’s surprise, the two movements in the lead are that of the Shiite nationalist leader Moqtada Sadr, who has moved closer to Saudi Arabia to the chagrin of Tehran, and the Hashd al-Shaabi, supplementives. of the army close to Iran.
Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi, vote in Baghdad on May 12, 2018
They both adopted rhetoric in the past hostile to the United States, even facing them militarily, before joining forces with them to push the Islamic State (IS) out of the country.
These surprise scores come at a time when the United States and Iran are at loggerheads after US President Donald Trump withdraws from the Iran nuclear deal.
In 2014, Washington and Tehran had tacitly agreed to the name of Haider al-Abadi, dismissing his rival in the Daawa party Nouri al-Maliki, whose plan to return to command failed.
Iran has not yet reacted to these partial results.
– „Rejection of corruption“ –
The unprecedented alliance of Shiite leader Moqtada Sadr and the Communists on an anti-corruption program („The March for Reforms“) leads in six of the 18 provinces, including Baghdad, and in second place in four others.
Iraqi wields photo of Shiite cleric Moqtada Sadr during Iraqi elections on May 14, 2018 in Baghdad
Its supporters, who demonstrate weekly against corruption across the country, gathered at night in central Baghdad and their stronghold, the poor neighborhood of Sadr City, to celebrate „the victory over the corrupt“ and „a a new stage for the Iraqi people „, as one of them, Zeid al-Zamili, 33, told AFP.
„The victory of + The march for the reforms + does not happen by chance, it comes to prove the rejection of the corruption“ within an irremovable political class since the fall in 2003 of Saddam Hussein, affirmed to AFP Jabra al-Taï, candidate of the movement.
Behind, the Alliance of the Conquest, a list of former commanders and fighters of Hashd al-Shaabi, takes the lead in four provinces, including the southern city of Basra, and is in second position in eight others.
Mr. Abadi is advanced in all the provinces except that of Nineveh, whose capital is Mosul, ex „capital“ of the IS whose Mr. Abadi had announced the „liberation“ in mid-2017.
At first, various politicians had put the outgoing Prime Minister in the lead, seeming to indicate that he would keep his post.
This possibility still exists because the vote of nearly 700,000 members of the security forces has yet to be stripped. Moreover, in a calibrated system to prevent party domination, Abadi can form a government coalition that would guarantee him a second term.
During the campaign, MM. Sadr and Abadi had hinted that they could ally, while an agreement between the lists of MM. Abadi and Ameri fizzled in less than 24 hours.
For this first post-victory election on IS, 44.52% of voters voted according to the electoral commission, the lowest turnout since the fall of Saddam Hussein in 2003.
Regardless of their province or denomination, those who voted said they wanted „new faces“ to bring new blood into a politically irremovable class for 15 years.
– Camoufllet –
Voters generally inflicted a snub on the entire political class.
The abstention was such that a Hachd candidate went so far as to joke about the fact that there were „more participants to get the campaign posters (…) than to vote“.
„The significant abstention results from the fact that the policies of the past 15 years no longer convince voters,“ said political scientist Amir al-Saadi.
„Most of the political party programs of previous legislatures were very attractive on paper, but in practice the promises have gone,“ he added.
„We no longer trust,“ reacted Naufel Nafea, 24, unemployed despite his degree in petroleum engineering and who did not vote.
There was less abstention among the Kurds and in Mosul, newly liberated from the yoke of the jihadists.
The list of the secular vice president Iyad Allawi, well placed in the Sunni regions, remains the first force representing this minority.
In a country where young people make up 60% of the population, they were the main absentees of the polls.