Editing created on May 10, 2018 showing Luigi Di Maio, leader of the M5S (left) and the head of the Matteo Salvini League (right)
The 5 Stars Movement (M5S) and the League are to present Monday afternoon to the Italian President the details of their agreement for the first populist and eurosceptic government in a founding country of the European Union.
Luigi Di Maio, the young leader of the anti-system movement M5S, and Matteo Salvini, the tribune who transformed the League into a nationalist party, will be received at the Quirinal, the presidential palace, the first at 16:30 (14:30 GMT) and the second at 18:00 (16:00 GMT).
Both parties have a narrow majority in parliament but, according to several media, doubts remain about the name of the future head of government. It should be neither Mr. Di Maio nor Mr. Salvini – each side opposing the designation of the leader of the other – but a personality compatible with both.
It will be „a politician and not a technician,“ said Di Maio Sunday after a new day of negotiations, in Milan (north), with Mr. Salvini and their main lieutenants.
AFP contacted an M5S representative who said the two men wanted to present the details of their agreement to President Sergio Mattarella – including the person chosen to lead the government – before making them public.
According to media reports, the head of government should not belong to either the League or the M5S. It should also be authoritative internationally and be able to make compatible with Brussels the eurosceptic tone of the future executive.
Several names have circulated in recent days in the Italian press, which remained cautious Monday in its forecasts: the economist Guido Tabellini, 62, diplomat Elisabetta Belloni, 59, current N.2 of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Michele Geraci, 50 years old, professor of economics at the New York University in Shanghai or the president of the Italian shipbuilding company Fincantieri, former diplomat Giampiero Massolo, 63 years old.
– delicate synthesis –
Italian President Sergio Mattarella on May 7, 2018 at the Quirinal Palace in Rome
On the content of the government agreement, the synthesis is not simple between the League, a nationalist formation close to the French National Front, which filled the voices in the North on the promise of massive tax cuts, and the M5S, more ambivalent on the European Union and acclaimed by the South for having promised a citizenship income.
According to the press, a compromise has been found on a postponement to 2019 of the citizenship income, the workhorse of the M5S, as well as on a reconfiguration of the „flat tax“ to 15% that advocates the League, which according to the M5S would too much public accounts.
The League and the M5S have agreed on the revision of a reform gradually delaying the retirement age. It is currently set at 66 years and seven months and is expected to rise to 67 in 2019.
Both parties should introduce the „100 scale“, ie the possibility to leave work when the sum of the age and years of contribution reaches 100 (for example 64 years and 36 years of contributions).
Immigration has, however, become a sensitive issue: if the electoral speeches showed the same firmness, the concrete measures demanded by the League are too „muscular“ for the M5S, according to several media.
Migrants face the Sicilian coast on May 10, 2018
On the other hand, the League would have obtained the maintenance of major works such as the railway line Lyon-Turin, however denounced by the M5S as unnecessary projects even harmful to the environment and sink for misappropriation of public funds.
For the composition of the government, League and M5S must also agree on their relative weight: against the more than 32% obtained by the M5S in the March legislative elections, Mr. Salvini relies for two months on the 37% of the coalition right, but the league only got 17%.