Minister of Justice Nicole Belloubet and Prime Minister Édouard Philippe at a press conference at the Elysee Palace, Paris, May 9, 2018
„Neither to lower certain, nor to raise others“: Édouard Philippe defended the project of constitutional revision, presented Wednesday in the Council of Ministers and criticized by the oppositions, of which LR, as carrying a weakening of the Parliament.
Declaring Emmanuel Macron’s campaign commitments, the draft constitutional law „for a more representative, responsible and effective democracy“ provides in its 18 articles to abolish the Court of Justice of the Republic, allow further territorial differentiation, or – the most controversial part – to accelerate the parliamentary procedure of adoption of the texts.
The other part of the reform of the institutions, with the emblematic measures foreseeing the reduction of the number of parliamentarians, the limitation of mandates in time and the introduction of a dose of proportional to the legislative, is expected in two weeks in Council of ministers, via organic and ordinary bills.
The goal „is not to transform the balance of the Fifth Republic“ but „to have a form of reciprocal efficiency between Parliament and the government,“ assured the head of government after the Council of Ministers. No question „neither to lower some nor to raise others“.
But according to Senate Speaker Gérard Larcher LR, this reform is „a form of trusteeship of the legislative power.“
„I remain open to a reform useful for France“ but not „to the detriment of the rights of Parliament“, „this is not negotiable“, he said, warning that „weaken Parliament is risk moving the debate on the street. “
– Not „Snow White“ –
„Does the government take us for Snow White“ ready to chew „the apple“ containing „the death of democracy“? Communist Senator Cécile Cukierman rebelled in a statement.
Along with Édouard Philippe, Justice Minister Nicole Belloubet defended the bill, which she will bring to the Assembly in first reading at the end of June-early July, assuring that it „can meet deep expectations of our fellow citizens „and is“ not a text in which politicians come to speak to politicians „.
Any constitutional revision requires the adoption of the same text by the Assembly and the Senate, then a vote by a majority of 3 / 5ths of the votes cast by the Parliament in Congress. The other option is the referendum, but only after the vote by the two assemblies. The entire reform must be completed in 2019.
While at LREM is mounting a trial in „political duplicity“ of the Senate Speaker, who is „bonnet“ according to a manager, Gerard Larcher, surrounded by officials of its majority right and center, said that „if things do not should not succeed, the responsibility will not be here. “
„The constituent power belongs to the Parliament and it alone,“ warned the first senator against a measure of the preliminary draft of the ordinary law providing for a full renewal (not by half) of the Senate from 2021, „contrary to the Constitution „according to him.
The Senate is „an interlocutor of good will and constructive“, assures the influential chairman of its commission Philippe Bass (LR), future rapporteur of the text.
The first reading in the Senate should take place in September, shortly before the 60th anniversary of the Constitution of the Fifth Republic.
In the assembly, the Rogue people pinned a „tinkering additional of a Constitution“ which „sacralizes the monarchy presidential“, during a debate on the institutions organized Wednesday afternoon at the initiative of the left of the left.
„A compromise is possible if, as in the 2008 reform, the debates allow to largely amend the text“, estimate for their part the MoDem deputies.
„From the beginning, the reform is not won“, observes a parliamentary source, but „there are registered subjects – proportional, non-cumulative – and we walked“ without „hardening“.
On the side of the senatorial right, „under cover of roundness, there is no special desire to make a political gift“, judge a „walker“ familiar with the Palace of Luxembourg.