Interior Minister Gerard Collomb at the National Assembly, April 11, 2018 in Paris
Kick-off of a week of tense debates in the Assembly on the asylum and immigration bill: Gerard Collomb’s controversial text puts the majority to the test, while oppositions will rise to the brink against measures judged „lax“ or „dangerous“.
The presentation of the text was shifted to the evening of Monday, because of the debate on the strikes in Syria at 17:00.
Demonstration of tensions over the provisions on asylum: the door of the Palais Bourbon was tagged in the weekend of the inscription „welcome crappy“. Five people were arrested.
More than a thousand amendments are on the menu until Friday, including 200 LREM deputies, a record.
The draft law „for controlled immigration and an effective right of asylum“ includes reducing the waiting time for the application for asylum to six months, to quickly begin the work of integration of refugees, and to the reverse of facilitating the deportation to the border for the rejected.
„We can not take all the misery in the world,“ Emmanuel Macron said Sunday night at BFMTV, RMC and Mediapart. „We are facing an unprecedented migration phenomenon that will last“ and the right of asylum, to which he is „attached“, is „respected“, he also said.
President Emmanuel Macron (c) before a TV interview with RMC-BFM journalists Jean-Jacques Bourdin (d) and Mediapart, Edwy Plenel (g), at the Palais de Chaillot, on April 15, 2018 in Paris
France registered more than 100,000 asylum applications last year, an increase of 17.5% compared to 2016.
The bill is criticized by asylum seekers and associations, who fear violations of the rights of foreigners, as well as within the majority, despite the efforts of pedagogy and persuasion deployed for several months by the Minister of the Interior, embodying the „hard“ line of the executive.
The discussions were agitated as soon as the text in committee was examined, which earned the twenty or so LREM protesters a reminder to the order of group president Richard Ferrand.
Jean-Michel Clément (ex-PS) plans to vote against a text with „repressive logic“. Critic ready to compromise, Matthieu Orphelin is disappointed at not being able to maintain at 45 days the maximum duration of detention (increased to 90 days) and think abstain.
The LREM officials reject any parallel with the socialist rebels of the previous five-year period, who carried them „a fundamental challenge of the political line“. Still, this bill is the first to move as much in the ranks of „walkers“, particularly invested on this subject affecting their „convictions“.
– „Laxism“ or „logic of fear“ –
Among the MoDem allies of LREM, some wish to go further for the rights of claimants, but there is „no strong break line,“ says the group.
Gérard Collomb told the JDD to have „all confidence in the majority“ who will know „to show responsibility“. Mr Macron referred to „a democratic debate“ and parliamentarians „neither claws nor slingers“.
Among the sensitive points, are the various amendments providing for the opening of the labor market to asylum seekers, in the wake of the report by Aurélien Taché (LERM) advocating a six-month deadline after the filing of the application (against nine currently), and also the rewriting of the „crime of solidarity“ for some people helping migrants.
For its part, the right, which denounces „very modest ambitions“ and „laxity“, wants to set annual allowances, limit family reunification, and more easily remove foreigners representing a threat.
Finalist of the presidential election after a campaign marked by this theme of immigration, the Pas-de-Calais MP and President of the FN Marine Le Pen should be involved in this text which it says will „accelerate“ immigration.
On the other side, the left of the left is standing up against a „useless and dangerous“ bill, surfing „on the logic of fear“. The Rogue called the other political groups to a „surge of republican and humanistic convergence“.
The Socialists believe that the text „turns its back on our constitutional principles“, the elected UAI (UDI, Agir and Independents) want to „balance“ its measures.
The Assembly will vote after the exchanges on the whole text, without a solemn vote because of the two-week break that ensues in the parliamentary proceedings.