Prime Minister Edouard Philippe on February 26, 2018 at Hotel Matignon, Paris
How to bring about institutional reform, including the decline in the number of parliamentarians? Edouard Philippe begins a series of meetings with parliamentary groups on Tuesday before handing over his copy, a referendum being a possible scenario.
Over a period of ten days, the bosses of the groups and the presidents of the Assembly and Senate will parade at the Prime Minister, who has made a specialty consultations.
The head of government will „present the sites“ of the reform, that the executive wishes to present in the Council of Ministers at best mid-April after passage in Council of State. „The architecture is seemingly detailed.The political debate opens,“ according to a guest.
Reduction of a quarter to a third of the number of parliamentarians, no more than three identical mandates in time (excluding municipalities with less than 3,500 inhabitants), 10 to 25% of proportional to the legislative are projected, according to sources in the majority .
„The President of the Republic is fully determined to lead this modernization“ and „to remove blockages“ so that „conservatisms do not affect,“ says his entourage. Message mainly for the Senate.
„The Senate will not undo in the room what the French people decided in the polls, that is to say that we will go to the end of the reform,“ warned the government spokesman Benjamin Griveaux on BFMTV and RMC, arguing „a will clearly expressed in the urns of renewal of political practices“.
Following the LREM leaders of the Assembly and Senate Richard Ferrand and Francois Patriat on Monday, Marc Fesneau, chairman of the MoDem deputies attached to a proportional dose or territorial differentiation, is the first received Tuesday morning.
Then come the Communists, followed by the leaders of the UDI-Agir-Independents deputies. Are expected in the week The Independents, Radicals, Socialists, as well as Jean-Luc Mélenchon, patron of the deputies Insoumis.
Edouard Philippe is expected Wednesday before LREM deputies, determined to „reform parliamentary work, better evaluate,“ hammer a spokeswoman, Olivia Gregory.
– ‚balance of powers‘ –
LR Christian Jacob and Bruno Retailleau will be coming to Matignon the following week. In line with party boss Laurent Wauquiez, they do not want to make „gift“ of a constitutional reform to Emmanuel Macron.
Former President Nicolas Sarkozy will make his voice heard in the Senate Tuesday, for a review of its 2008 revision.
Highlight on March 14 in Matignon: François de Rugy (LREM) and Gerard Larcher (LR), who delivered each their desiderata in January.
The head of the Senate, which „has no feedback on its proposals,“ says he has „no desire to block the reform by conservatism.“ „But we have no mandate either to feed antiparliamentarianism and populism by fashion or demagogy,“ he said, quoted by Le Figaro.
The „privileged“ way to adopt the constitutional aspect remains the Parliament, via Article 89, ie the adoption of an identical text by the two assemblies then a majority of 3/5 of the votes cast by the Parliament in Congress.
„The referendum is not relevant“ but „conceivable“, they say at the Elysee. „It’s allowed by the Constitution,“ slips Benjamin Griveaux. „Handle with care“, but „if there is a referendum, you shoot them in the Senate“ for a majority elected.
Emmanuel Macron „does not support a Parliament the little finger on the seam of the pants, it is not that a constitutional revision, it must be a balance of forces and (…) powers“, looses Bruno Retailleau.
The reform will be broken down into several bills, at different levels. At the constitutional level: abolition of the Court of Justice of the Republic, reform of the Supreme Council of the Judiciary, end of the former Presidents of the Republic to the Constitutional Council, greater freedom of administration to the collectivities, „efficiency“ of the legislative work with a limitation of amendments.
Non-cumulation in time, reduction of the number of parliamentarians, proportional, „the subjects who angry will be returned“ to an organic law and ordinary laws to pass more easily, prognosticates a figure of the Assembly.
In addition to Corsica, the fight against climate change or the national universal service should be added.
The goal is no more than a reading in every room in the summer, while Emmanuel Macron initially wanted to „complete“ the reform by this deadline.
parl-map-reb-vm / matt / kp