US President Donald Trump discusses violence in the classroom with teachers and students on February 21, 2018 at the White House in Washington
„Demonizing policies“ such as those of Donald Trump paved the way for human rights abuses in 2017, Amnesty International concluded in its annual report released Thursday, which denounces the lack of progress in Latin America.
Those policies crystallized in the response to the refugee crisis in the United States and Europe, according to Amnesty, citing as an example the executive order of the US president banning the entry of citizens from several countries with a Muslim majority.
„In 2017, millions of people around the world suffered the bitter fruit of increased demonization policies,“ said Amnesty, coinciding with the launch of the report, for the first time, in the United States, specifically in Washington.
The London-based organization accused rich countries of tackling the refugee crisis „with a mixture of subterfuge and absolute insensitivity.“
„The majority of European leaders have been unable to face the great challenge of regulating immigration in a legal and safe way, and they decided that there is practically no excess in their efforts to keep refugees away from the continent’s coasts,“ he added. the organization.
Salil Shetty, the president of the organization, accused Trump in particular.
The decision to ban the entry of citizens from several Muslim countries „laid the groundwork in a year when leaders took hate politics to their most dangerous extreme,“ he said.
„Trump’s policies may have marked a new era of regression in human rights, but they are not exclusive,“ Shetty added.
„If you look from Australia to Hungary, leaders have long treated refugees and immigrants as a problem to put aside.“
– „High levels“ of violence in Latin America –
The organization denounced, in its chapter on the Americas, that „discrimination and inequality continued to be the norm throughout the continent.“
„The high levels of violence continued to plague the region, with waves of assassinations, forced disappearances and arbitrary arrests.“
Human rights defenders suffered „increasing levels of violence“ and „impunity remained.“
„Without a doubt, we are facing a serious setback in terms of human rights in the continent,“ Erika Guevara, director of Amnesty International for the Americas, told AFP.
He attributed this crisis to „inefficient strategies“ of the States to meet the basic needs of its population and the „negligent response“ of these States to the influence of organized crime and economic and political interests that perpetuate serious abuses.
The organization noted in particular the extreme violence that exists in Brazil, El Salvador, Honduras, Mexico and Venezuela, and described as „worrying“ the pardon granted by Peru to its former president Alberto Fujimori.
In the case of Venezuela, Amnesty estimated that the country faces „one of the worst human rights crises in its recent history, fueled by an escalation of violence promoted by the government“ by Nicolás Maduro.
„More than addressing the food and health crisis, the (Venezuelan) authorities instituted a premeditated policy of violent repression of any form of dissent.“
In Mexico, more than 34,000 people are still missing and „extrajudicial executions were plentiful“, in addition to torture and ill-treatment.
The organization welcomed „the potential step forward“ taken by the Mexican Senate with the approval of a law to combat and investigate disappearances.
In the case of Brazil, Amnesty condemned police violence in Rio de Janeiro and the increase in human rights violations in the rest of the country.
Amnesty, however, highlighted the emergence of a new era of activism.
„Despite such an adverse context for human rights, we have seen thousands of people taking to the streets in protest, demanding their states accountability, questioning impunity,“ Guevara said.
The report also reserved criticism for the Spanish government of Mariano Rajoy for his treatment of the independence challenge in Catalonia.
„The rights of freedom of expression and peaceful assembly of supporters of the independence of Catalonia were disproportionately restricted,“ the report said, citing in particular the police response to the illegal independence referendum on October 1, 2017.