A French course for migrants in Pouilly-en-Auxois, France, February 12, 2017
The work to be done on the integration of refugees is „enormous“ and „on the language one loses a crazy time“, considers the LREM deputy Aurélien Taché, author of a next highly anticipated report on the subject, while the government finalizes its „asylum and immigration“ bill.
The MP The Republic in motion, which heard nearly 200 people for this report commissioned last summer, must return the conclusions „within three weeks,“ he told AFP.
Its recommendations will have a particular resonance as the government’s migration policy is making waves in the associative and intellectual world, and even in the ranks of the majority. „We will converge the parliamentary debate with the proposals of this report so as to enrich the text,“ it was said this week from government sources.
In terms of integration, Mr. Taché pleads to „reason first in terms of access to employment and training“, to provide refugees with „job offers adapted,“ with „a first interview professional aim in the course „.
The idea of a „training account“ is „not impossible“, especially for people who have already worked, adds the MP, for whom „we must stop to consider refugees with paternalism.They do not ask for charity but the opportunity to live with dignity „.
The integration of foreigners, posted as a priority by Emmanuel Macron during the campaign, is regularly criticized for his lack of ambition and resources. In September, a Senate report narrowed the „Republican Integration Contract“ which is the basis, deploring the few hours of language offered to newcomers and indigestible civic training.
– 600 hours of French –
In the tracks launched by Mr. Taché „the Republican integration contract remains the hard core“ – efforts have been made to improve it, with a budget increased from 59 to 71 million euros between 2017 and 2018 according to the Ofii (French Office of Immigration and Integration).
But it should „at least double“ the volume of hours of language expected (capped at 240 hours today) to bring it to „400 hours for non-French speakers“ or „600 for illiterates,“ said the MP.
A refugee revises her language lessons near a humanitarian center in La Chapelle, northern Paris, July 27, 2017
And if today language teaching begins with obtaining refugee status, „things can be done before,“ says Taché, pointing out that language courses upstream would represent „a time earned that is valuable „while“ we have a huge job to do on integration „.
Such a measure would align France with Germany, which has been offering asylum seekers who are the most likely to obtain refugee status (Syrians in particular) since 2015 to 600 hours.
It would also join the recommendations of the OECD, whose first recommendation, in a 2016 report, was to launch integration „as soon as possible“ for asylum seekers „whose application is highly likely to be accepted „.
In French time, the career path, „on the model of Afpa“, a professional training organization for adults, which launched in 2016 experiments allowing refugees to get a work contract after have completed qualifying training.
„Then comes the question of access to rights, health, which can be broken during changes in status,“ says Taché.
On the civic aspect „we will really dust off all this“ to talk about „society, with more interesting media, try to spread more training.“ With, why not, a „graduation“ to the key.
Finally there would be a component on housing „to facilitate access to existing housing“ – in line with a circular of December asking the prefect to mobilize 20,000 homes in the private and public park.